The Rice researchers found that nanoparticles returned SERS signals 25 times stronger than similar nano-rods with smooth surfaces. Such signal magnitude may make it possible to detect very small amounts of organic molecules, such as DNA and bio-markers, found in bodily fluids, for particular diseases.
An associate Professor of Chemistry - Eugene Zubarev - stated "There's a great deal of interest in sensing applications," "SERS takes advantage of the ability of Au to enhance electromagnetic fields locally. Fields will concentrate at specific defects, like the sharp edges of our nanostarfruits, and that could help detect the presence of organic molecules at very low concentration."
The researchers also sought to grow longer nano-wires, which when matched with their optical advantages may reveal unique electrical properties. Ongoing experiments with a fellow researcher - Stephan Link - an assistant Professor of Chemistry and Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, will help ascertain the starfruit nano-wires ability to transmit a plasmonic signal. The smoothness, reproducibility and repeatability of such signals could be useful for wave-guides and other opto-electronic devices.However, the primary concern of Zubarev's laboratory remains biological. As claimed "If we can modify the surface roughness such that biological molecules of interest will adsorb selectivity on the surface of our rugged nano-rods, then we can start exploring low concentration of DNA or cancer bio-markers. Many cancers where the diagnostics is paramount can very much depend on the lowest concentration of the bio-marker that can also be resonated." Original article available here
DCN Corp believes it has also contrived a novel 9 Combination (9c) SERS dip coating protocol, which could smartly screen cancerous tumors as well as other cardiovascular conditions/diseases as an early-, mid- and late-point nano bio-marker therapeutic methodology. Such an innovative methodology could strongly compete with the claims made by the RU researchers. Therefore, if you believe you or your colleagues are interested in making the above a reality - please ensure to contact the company as soon as practicably possible.